Հայ-թուրքական հարաբերությունների շուրջ
Taken between 1936 and 1974, property of minority foundations, transferred to the Treasurywill be returned to minorities.
Here’s the list of most valuable properties to be returned to Armenian minority (by TESEV):
PROPERTIES OF THE ARMENIAN COMMUNITY
— Gedikpasa Armenian Evangelical Elementary School (now demolished school is being used as a park)
— Gedikpasa Kumkapi 1 apartment belonging to the Armenian Protestant church, 2 houses, 1 dining place.
— Yedikule Hospital of the Armenian Holy Savior; Sarıyer 1 piece of land, 1 house and 4 jointly owned real estate, Moda, 1 building, home to 2 units in Sisli, Beyoglu, 1 house, 1 shop in Grand Bazaar, Uskudar in 1 house, 1 apartment Kurtuluş’ta, 1 house and 1 warehouse, 1 building in Taksim, Beyoglu, 1 building, Çamlıca 1 house, Beykoz, 47 thousand 500 square meters of land with a land Yedikule .
— Foundation of the Church of Surp Vartanants Feriköy an apartment and a plot of land in Sisli.
— Kurucesme (Yerevman) Mortar from the Church of Surp Arnavutkoy a real estate
— Surp Harutyun Kumkapi School Foundation’s Kumkapi Kadikoy 1 apartment with 1 shop.
— Kumkapi Church of the Virgin Mary: a house in Eminonu.
— Kud Dipo Yenikoy’s Armenian Church of Surp Astvadzadzin: a plot in İstinye.
— Foundation of the Church of Surp Vartanants at Feriköy: an apartment in Sisli, a plot of land.
Bomonti Mıhitaryan School
— Vahram Madat’ın Karabet’s owned 2 shops and 1 apartment in Sisli.
Varlık Vergisi (“Wealth tax” or “Capital tax”) was a Turkish tax levied on the wealthy citizens of Turkey in 1942, with the stated aim of raising funds for the country’s defense in case of an eventual entry into World War II.
The bill for the one-off tax was proposed by the Şükrü Saracoğlu government, and the act was adopted by the Turkish parliament on November 11, 1942. It was imposed on the fixed assets, such as landed estates, building owners, real estate brokers, businesses, and industrial enterprises of all citizens, including the minorities. However, those who suffered most severely were non-Muslims like the Jews, Greeks, Armenians, and Levantines, who controlled a large portion of the economy.
During World War II, Turkey remained neutral until February of 1945. Officially, the tax was devised to fill the state treasury that would have been needed had Nazi Germany or the Soviet Union invaded the country. However, it is argued, a main reason for the tax was to nationalize the Turkish economy by reducing minority populations’ influence and control over the country’s trade, finance, and industries.
The tax was paid by all citizens of Turkey, but higher tariffs were generally imposed on the country’s non-Muslim inhabitants, often in an arbitrary and unrealistic way.
Around two thousand non-Muslims, who could not pay the enormous amount demanded for this sudden tax within the time-limit of thirty days, were arrested and sent to a forced labor camp in Aşkale in Erzurum Province of eastern Turkey. Twenty-one of these unfortunates died there.
The rigidly-enforced, discriminatory law did not yield the results the government had hoped for. Companies increased the prices of their products sharply to recoup their losses, creating a spiral of inflation that wrecked low-income consumers.
Have you ever been to Istanbul and walked through Istiklal caddesi? Before Varlik vergisi most of those properties were Armenian, Greek and Jewish.