Հայ-թուրքական հարաբերությունների շուրջ
Although, they were not referring to finally being granted the membership that is so widely debated. Instead, they were referring to the signing of a “memorandum of understanding” for the secondment of Turkish officials at the European Commission. The action, entitling Turkish foreign officials to steer policy alongside civil servants in Brussels, was ratified in Strasbourg at the end of last month by Minister for EU Affairs Egemen Bagi and Vice President of the commission in charge of inter-institutional relations and administration Maros Sefcovic.
Turkish professionals with be employed at the commission as “seconded national experts” — a scheme that allows applicants, usually from member states, to work for EU institutions on secondment — while still receiving pay from their employers alongside generous subsidies from the union. But the scheme also extends to non-member states, with Brussels labelling the recent agreement with Turkey a “milestone” for EU relations. It means Turkish officials will work alongside Eurocrats in policy-making and the implementation of European politics – meaning, effectively, that Turks will have a role in shaping the supranational agenda.
The majority of domestic laws emanate from Brussels – the figure often estimated at around 75 per cent. To learn that Turkish officials will also be instrumental in creating legislation, despite Turkey not being a member of the union, reveals what many may perceive as a democratically bankrupt and unaccountable law-making process. Laws affecting Britain can be developed by Turkish officials with no accountability to the British taxpayer and with questionable adherence to British interests. As a candidate country for EU membership, Turkey is increasingly working within and alongside the union. This is despite the fact that Turkey has been occupying a large part of Cyprus, a full member state, for years and has been linked to potential security risks.
Alongside a customs union with the EU, which significantly increased the volume of trade between Turkey and member states, and European foreign direct investment in Turkey to a tune of around €9bn per annum — Turkish officials will now have staff in Brussels who will “work alongside commission officials, helping to achieve the strategic objectives defined by a directorate-general or service for the benefit of EU citizens”. Many would argue that increased cooperation between Europe and Turkey is no bad thing. However, without elected representatives in parliament, it is questionable whether they should have influence in the commission.
It is not just Turkey given the privilege. A job advert for the EU Institute for Health and Consumer Protection stated that officials were wanted from “Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovnia, Croatia, FYR of Macedonia, Iceland, Israel, Montenegro, Serbia, Switzerland, and Turkey”, adding: “Applicants of other nationalities cannot be considered for this specific call.” Indeed, European law would no doubt prevent such a job advert being placed by a British company that wished to specify that only certain nationalities apply. Without doubt, in a bid to pave the way for these other nations to eventually join the EU, work both on the ground in third countries and within Brussels by third country nationals is something about which the commission remains tight lipped in the public sphere.
Yet it would appear that Turkey was calling somebody’s bluff by announcing their new-found powers within the corridors of Brussels. While civil servants across Europe are threatened with redundancies, pay cuts and freezes due to austerity measures — it is surely a bitter pill to swallow to learn that officials are being appointed from a wide range of non-EU countries and also enjoying handsome remunerations on top of their pay. Most importantly, I believe it is essential that the voting public are made aware of such contracts. After all — as an organisation that purports to be democratic — transparency and accountability should be the cornerstones of EU operations.
John Bufton is a Welsh MEP and member of the UK Independence Party